A Beginner’s Guide About Wine

Ever since the earliest civilization, the wine was already a popular drink across nations. It helped people celebrate their accomplishments and happiness; at the same time, it also accompany those who are sad and lonely. This drink serves many purposes for different individuals, but the problem is their options are with boundaries.

For beginners, it is common that they are most familiar with red wine, and sometimes it doesn’t suit their palate. It is vital that they know that wine is not just red wine; there are other types like sparkling wine, white wine, rose wine, and champagne. But the most important of all is that not all wine has the same taste, wine can be somewhat spicy, tannic, fruity, sweet, bitter, and acidic. No wine is the same. 

So to broaden your knowledge about this drink, here are some of the most basic knowledge about wine, together with some tips to help you discover the perfect wine that suits your taste.

What is wine?

Wine is a fermented drink usually made from grape extracts. The fermentation process allows the formation of alcohol in the beverage. Usually, wine contains 10-15% alcohol content. Other fruits that are used to make wine are cherry, plum, currant, elderberry, and pomegranate. This depends on the variety and availability of fruits in a particular area. 

The traditional way of making wine starts from harvesting wine grapes from vineyards, either handpicked or with the use of machines. Next, the grapes undergo pressing to extract the juice; the liquid gathered in this process is called a must. Depending on the type of wine the winemaker wants to produce, the grape skin and other residues are either left together with the must or filtered out during fermentation. For the two last procedures, it can either be bottling before aging or otherwise. 

What’s the history of wine?

There is still an ongoing debate about which country developed the fermentation process that resulted in the discovery of wine. There are artifacts found in Georgia dating back 4000B.C. but there also jars with wine remnants found in China. There’s no exact location where it all started, but the wine influence drift started from the Phoenicians to the Mediterranean to Europe then America. 

Religion and royalty played a significant role in the expansion and the booming of the wine industry. The Crusaders and Jesuits brought with them wine while they perform the Eucharist in strange and new places where people seemed to fall in love with the taste immediately. On the other hand, the royalty were the only ones allowed to enjoy the beverage before. Wine is an exclusive beverage for the palace, and besides, it was so expensive that even nobleman couldn’t afford it. 

What are the Types of Wine?

Red Wine

This is the most popular variant of wine. In the process of making red wine, the grape skin and seeds will yield the red ruby color in the wine upon fermentation. The color ranges from violet to brown depending on the maturity and the variety of the wine grape used. Even the taste of the red can vary from bitter spice to sweet fruity. This depends on the type used and the blend of the variety. 

White Wine

Since white wine is transparent or yellowish, winemakers abruptly filter out the grape skin and other solids in the must to preserve its color. The common varieties of wine grape used in making white wine are Chardonnay and Sauvignon. Sparkling wine and champagne are similar in a way that during fermentation, the carbon dioxide produced in the tank will be retained, which gives the fizz in it, but besides that, white wine and sparkling wine are somewhat similar.

Rose Wine

Also called blush is one of the oldest types of wine produced since the color of the wine doesn’t qualify as red. Rose wine is usually pale pink or pale violet, sweet and fruity in the mouth. The color of the wine is the result of the process skin contact, saignee or blending, either of which will produce a pale pink color.

What are the Common Types of Wine Grape?

Wine grapes predict the taste and color of your end-product. Though the location of cultivation, quality of soil, climate, and other factors can slightly alter anticipated taste. Vintners are highly trained to blend the perfect amount of variety to produce the desired flavor. Most commonly used varieties are Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Merlot, Shiraz, Malbec and many more. Each variety has a distinct taste and aroma when blended produce delight in the palate.


All the types discussed in this article are readily available in Sokolin Wines, for example, browse for Sokolin Red Wine on the internet, and it will show you a vast number of choices of red wines from all over the globe. By visiting Sokolin, you can read more about wines and expand your options that will tingle your palate. 

Scarlett Wells is a freelance writer and wine enthusiast. She is an active critique examining all levels of wine types so she can produce reviews and articles that will help guide every consumer in selecting the right kind of wine to drink. Aside from that, she wrote a lot of blogs maximizing the real usage of wines. In her free time, she reads  a lot about food and beverage pairing in order to help her become an effective mentor inspiring everyone to maintain a fit and fab lifestyle.

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